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ABACA Farming

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Agriculture » ABACA Farming »


  Sep 07, 2008 12:54 PM  
Francis "Bobot/Kiko"

Nabasa ko sa inquirer mga tugang okey daa ang abaca farming ngunian. girumduman ko kang aki pa ako dyan sa parti partido kadakul abaca. Siisay daw po tabi may aram about this abaca industry? Baka maka share man ang bikol sa industry na ini. Share naman po...........

Cordillera uplands: Fiber capital?

LA TRINIDAD, Benguet -- The increasing demand for environment friendly products is making the country’s fiber industry jubilant and the government is encouraging more farmers to hop in into the fiber plant caravan, especially abaca, to boost exports.

The country’s tropical fibers, says an official of the Fiber Industry Development Authority (Fida), has captured the domestic and global thirst for products that are made from natural raw materials -- from ropes, bags and tea bags to food casings, decorations and international currency.

Cecilia Gloria Soriano, Fida national administrator, says of the 30 useful fiber crops endemic to the country, 14 of them were proven to be commercially viable.

Soriano, who led the inauguration of the Fida sericulture and abaca center for the Ilocos, Cagayan Valley and Cordillera regions here recently, says the challenge is to expand the cultivation of fiber plants.

The Cordillera’s uplands for one, she says, could potentially become north Luzon’s fiber capital.

At P70 to P90 a kilogram of raw abaca fiber, farmers could hit pay dirt, she says.

Consider the market opportunities for abaca alone, Soriano says, as she gave the following products now made of abaca fiber:

The country’s P200, P500 and P1,000 bills (20 percent abaca) and Japanese yen (45 percent abaca).

Tea bags and some commercial diapers.

Filter tip papers of imported European cigarettes.

Paper coating for salami and bologna meat products.

Paper used for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) tests

Meat and sausage casings.....etc.

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  Sep 07, 2008 05:45 PM  
Butchukoy
Super User

An bikol is known for abaca. Kaitong mga panahun, kita ang leader sa abaca industry and the top producer and exporter of abaca fiber and its by products. But through the years, nagbaba su satuyang production kan abaca because of several factors. An saru kaini itong abaca diseases (mosaic and bunchy-top) na nag aatake kan satuyang mga abaca plantation. And makamurumundo pag isipun na nalalampasan na naman kita kan ibang mga regions pag abot sa abaca production. An satuyang mga exporters and handicraft producers are sourcing their fiber from leyte and as far as mindanao. Igwa man gareng mga programa ang lokal na gobyerno kan Albay sa pag rehabilitate kan abaca plantation so we can reclaim our position as the abaca capital of the world. as to when? not in our lifetime gare hehehe

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  Sep 07, 2008 06:14 PM  
Josee
Sad but true tabi Butch. Cruel paradox ika nga. idagdag pa kaidtong nag hahag-ot pa ako grabe ang rabas ko kan magbaradilan sa ka abakahan..........na pilikula pa ngani "Bukas babaha ng Dugo" dyan yan sa may IROSIN Sorsogon dati....kahirak kan mga abaka tipla gabos.


Josee in Photography http://joseegb.multiply.com/photos


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  Sep 08, 2008 01:48 AM  
☆Janet "Jing-jing"

Hello Francis,

If you have time, I suggest that you visit the website of "Open Academy for Philippine Agriculture - USM" or the http://www.usm.edu.ph/opapa ...may tungkol sa ABACA production, etc. diyan...makakanood ka about the industry.

Thanks to GB!!!

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"To achieve great success in life one must be willing to walk the extra mile--- Esther A. Vibal "

[Study the past, if you would divine the future by: CONFUCIUS(c.550-c.478 BC)]

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  Sep 08, 2008 08:46 AM  
☆Janet "Jing-jing"

pasensiya na sa pagbutwa ko ulit...may idadagdag lang akong website

http://www.pcarrd.dost.gov.ph/consortia/vicarp_website/Webpages/abaca_crp.html

http://www.neda5.net/bicol_ke/scitech_industry.htm

Thanks to GB!!!

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"To achieve great success in life one must be willing to walk the extra mile--- Esther A. Vibal "

[Study the past, if you would divine the future by: CONFUCIUS(c.550-c.478 BC)]

culture gives a set of alternative directions for behavior --- Takie Sugiyama Lebra

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  Sep 08, 2008 09:41 AM  
Francis "Bobot/Kiko"
Salamat sainod Butchukoy,Josee and lalo na saimo April sa mga websites na tinao mo. Sana man lugod magkainteres giraray ang satuyang mga kababayan digid sa Bicol na giraray buhayon ang industriya ning abaca. Sayang kaya grabe ang potensyal kan satuyang lugar sa agrikultura kaso nga lang grabe talaga ang pagpabaya kan gobyerno na tabangan ang satuyang mga paraoma kaya lugod na "aarabroad" na sana ang mga paraoma ta.

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  Dec 25, 2008 12:27 PM  
Ding "Lagalag"
Super User

Marhay na aldaw o bangui tabi sa gabos na oya sa laog kan torsidong ini.

Kan panahon igua akong ka-abakahan diyan sa parting Maylangka asin sa Maysua sa Polangui. Nabakal ko su daga igua ng tanom abaka kaya pinadagos ko na lamang an pag administrar. Pig-hahagot kan mga para hagot ko an abaka sarong beses sarong taon. "Kabiti" asin "balnog" an nag luluwas na bandala. Puwerte man kuta na ta basta marahay an pagka-hawan asin pig susulitan an mga blankada asin dai pig puputol an mga kahoy na patinong/patagnong (shades) na arog kan mga kahoy na dapdap, ani-it, anonang, bagorita, taloto asin iba pang mga kahoy, dai na masyadong ka-ipuhan pang emantenir. Inda kun sa anong dahilan, inagihan ini kan pig-aapod na "bunchy top" kaya luminuya su abaka sagkod na naubos na nagkagaradan.

Bako man akong eksperto sa pagtatanum ta dai man akong inadalan sa linya nin agrikultura, pero nag dakula ako sa lugar na abaca an ikinabubuhay kan mga tawo. Sigun sa mga oro estorya kan mga gurang kaito, an abaka daa dai man ipinag tanum ta nagkadlagan lamang iyan. Mga ipot-ipot kan mga bayong na nagkakakan kan bunga nin mga abaka. Arog man baga kan Pili na ipot daa kan Kalaw.

Pinorbaran mi kaito na mag tanum nin abaka. Pig inot ming itanom su mga patagnong (shades). Mga dapdap asin ani-it ta madaling mabuhay asin mag talubo, pero daing nangyari. Siguro bakong tama an samuyang paagi kan pag tanum. Sa ngunian, bihira na lamang an iguang abaka sa Polangui apuera duman sa mga bulod na hararayo pa sa tinampo.

Idtong mga nabanggit kong daga, an tanum ngunian mga Pili na ta pag Pili ang tanum mo "limang taon ka daang libre sa buwis." Please don't quote me on this ta bako akong sigurado kaini.

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  Dec 27, 2008 07:26 PM  
Bikolanong Layas

Igwa man tabi ako nin naaraman na kadahilanan kun ano ta luminuya an produksyon kan Abaka sa Kabikolan. Ini nin huli kaidtong pagmahal kan yellow corn sa luwas kan Pilipinas kun saen tenentaran kan mga taga-Agriculture na paradon an mga abaka ta maluya an income asin tukalan kan tinanum na mais, kaya urog na luminuya an abaka, kan ma-saturate na an demand sa mais, cogon an natada.

Bana-bana ko sana ini, an mga helang kan abaka nyato dara kan mga kalaban sa negosyo. Read about the History of Abaca in Bikol. Ibalik an tursido kan banwaan.

bikolanong layas

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  Dec 31, 2008 09:29 AM  
Ding "Lagalag"
Super User

Maogma Asin Magaya-gayang Bagong Taon Sa Gabos!!!

Mag hirilingan giraray kita sa masunod na taon!!!

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  Feb 02, 2009 08:49 PM  
Art

narumduman co can nagdadacula aco hanggang macatapos aco sa high school na igwa caming abacahan sa bulod can Manlilipot. Ang masiram pagcatapos can paghara'gut gulping mina uldot na tubo asin gulping nacucuang paco si Paderes na puedeng gulayon. Bago minapalod can mga abaca puertehon su mga bunga ta dawa saday mahamison pero caagaw mo su mga ukay ta gulpi pa caitong ukay sa bulod. inda co ngunian ta ipinabacal na ni Paderes su daga ta medyo luminuya na siya magpara sacat sa bulod.

Talagang maca murumundo na isipon nanggad ang naging resulta can su mga gurang nagruluya na asin su mga joven iba ang interes coupled with the ineffeciency of our govertment to promote and help the local farmers resulted in the demise of one of Bicol's industries.

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  Mar 27, 2009 04:12 AM  
Ding "Lagalag"
Super User

Abacá

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

(Redirected from Abaca)
Jump to: navigation, search
Abaca

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Zingiberales
Family: Musaceae
Genus: Musa
Species: M. textilis
Binomial name
Musa textilis
Née

Abacá, (pronounced [ɑbəˈkɑ] "ah buh KAH"),from Spanish "abacá" or Musa textilis, is a species of banana native to the Philippines, grown widely as well in Borneo and Sumatra. It is sometimes referred to as "BacBac". The plant is of great economic importance, being harvested for its fibre, once generally called Manila hemp, extracted from the leaf sheath around the trunk. On average, the plant grows about 20 feet (6 meters) tall. The fibre was originally used for making twines and ropes as well as the Manila envelope; now most abaca is pulped and used in a variety of paper-like products including filter paper and banknotes. It is classified as a hard fibre, along with coir, henequin and sisal. The plant's name is sometimes spelt Abaká.

Abacá was first cultivated on a large scale in Sumatra in 1925 under the Dutch, who had observed its cultivation in the Philippines for cordage since the 1800s, followed up by plantings in Central America sponsored by the U.S. Department of Agriculture[1]. Commercial planting began in 1930 in British North Borneo; with the commencement of WWII, the supply from the Philippines was eliminated by the Japanese[1].

Other common names for abaca or Manila hemp include "Cebu hemp" and "Davao hemp".

Contents

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[edit] Composition

The leaves grow from the trunk of the plant, and the bases of the leaves form a sheath (covering) around the trunk; there are approximately 25 of these, with 5 cm in diameter and from 12 to 25 leaves with overlapping petioles, covering the stalk to form a shrub, "false trunk" or pseudotrunk about 30 to 40 cm in diameter[1]. They grow in succession, with the oldest growing from the bottom of the trunk and successively younger ones from the top. The sheaths contain the valuable fibre. The coarse fibres range from 5 to 11½ feet (1.5 to 3.5 metres) in length. They are composed primarily of the plant materials such as cellulose, lignin, and pectin. After the fibre has been separated, it is sold under the name Manila, the capital of the Philippines.

[edit] Harvesting

Bananera, Guatemalan worker trims leaves from abacá plant.

The plant is normally grown in well-drained loamy soil, using pieces of mature root planted at the start of the rainy season[1]. Growers harvest abacá fields every three to eight months after an initial growth period of 18-25 months and a total lifespan of about 10 years[1]. Harvest generally includes having several operations concerning the leaf sheaths:

  • tuxying (separation of primary and secondary sheath)
  • stripping (getting the fibers)
  • drying (usually following tradition of sun-drying).

The fibers can then be spun into twines or cordage.

[edit] Applications

Rope made of abaca

Most abaca fibre is pulped and processed into specialty paper used in tea bags, vacuum bags, currency, and more. It can be used to make handcrafts like bags, carpets, clothing and furniture. Abacá rope is very durable, flexible and resistant to salt water damage, allowing its use in rope, hawsers, ship's lines and fishing nets[1]. Abaca fibre was once used primarily for rope, but this application is now of minor significance. Lupis is the finest quality of abacá. Sinamay is woven chiefly from abaca.[2]

[edit] Scientific classification

The abacá plant belongs to the banana family, Musaceae; it resembles its closely related cousin plant, the Musa sapientum. Its scientific name is Musa textilis.

[edit] References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "abaca." Encyclopædia Britannica. 22 January 2007
  2. ^ "lupis", "sinamay" in Merriam-Webster's Unabridged Dictionary, third edition

[edit] External links

Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Abaca.

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