Presyo Kan Calamay o “Mamis”

This topic contains 14 replies, has 5 voices, and was last updated by  Ding “Lagalag” 14 years, 2 months ago.

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  • #112110

    Ding “Lagalag”

    TuboSaccharum offinarum Linn.SUGAR CANE

    Other scientfic names
    Common names

    Saccharum violaceum F.-Vill.
    Agbo (Ibn.)
    Una (Ibn.)

    Caña dulce (Span.)
    Unas (Ilk.)

    Tubo (Tag., Bik.)
    Unat (It.)

    Tubu (Sul.)
    Sugar cane (Engl.)

    BotanyA large, coarse and erect grass, attaining a height of 1.5 to 4 meters, 2-5 cm thick, with long and short internodes. Stems are solid, polished, green, yellow or purplish. Leaves are large and broad, with blades 0.9 to 1.25 meters long and 4-5 cm wide. Panicles are very large, white, drooping and terminal, 40 to 80 cm long, branches up to 35 cm long. Spikelets are numerous, 1-flowered, about 3 mm long, with surrounding white villous hairs about twice as long as the spikelets.DistributionA major crop, cultivated throughout the Philippines.Chemical constituents and propertiesSucrose is the product of the sugar cane juice.Sugar is demulcent, emollient, antiseptic, cooling, laxative, stimulant and diuretic.Parts used and preparationRoots, sugar.Uses:NutritionalNutritious. Use for preserving meat and fruit.FolkloricRefined sugar has been used for fevers, lack of secretion, dry coughs.Molasses is used as a laxative.Sugar is applied to wounds, ulcers, boils, and inflammed eyes.AvailabilityCultivated

  • #111902


    Sana may maliit dyan para madala mo sa bulod mo. Makagawa ka na ng powder sugar. Sa Pili, Camarines Sur igwa man pagawaan ng asukal.

  • #111887

    Ding “Lagalag”

    How Cane Sugar is Made – the Basic Story

    Growing the CaneSugar cane is a sub-tropical and tropical crop that prefers lots of sun and lots of water – provided that its roots are not waterlogged. It typically takes about 12 months to reach maturity although the time varies widely around the world from as short as six months in Louisiana to 24 months in some places. Where it differs from many crops is that it re-grows from the roots so the plant lasts many cycles [or ‘ratoons’, a word derived from the Spanish to sprout] before it is worn out.

    The More Detail button will take you to the web site of Kew Gardens in a separate window. You should return here when you close that down again.

    HarvestingSugar cane is harvested by chopping down the stems but leaving the roots so that it re-grows in time for the next crop. Harvest times tend to be during the dry season and the length of the harvest ranges from as little as 2 ½ months up to 11 months. The cane is taken to the factory: often by truck or rail wagon but sometimes on a cart pulled by a bullock or a donkey!

    ExtractionThe first stage of processing is the extraction of the cane juice. In many factories the cane is crushed in a series of large roller mills: similar to a mangle [wringer] which was used to squeeze the water out of clean washing a century ago. The sweet juice comes gushing out and the cane fibre is carried away for use in the boilers. In other factories a diffuser is used as is described for beet sugar manufacture. Either way the juice is pretty dirty: the soil from the fields, some small fibres and the green extracts from the plant are all mixed in with the sugar.

    EvaporationThe factory can clean up the juice quite easily with slaked lime (a relative of chalk) which settles out a lot of the dirt so that it can be sent back to the fields. Once this is done, the juice is thickened up into a syrup by boiling off the water using steam in a process called evaporation. Sometimes the syrup is cleaned up again but more often it just goes on to the crystal-making step without any more cleaning. The evaporation is undertaken in order to improve the energy efficiency of the factory.

    BoilingThe syrup is placed into a very large pan for boiling, the last stage. In the pan even more water is boiled off until conditions are right for sugar crystals to grow. You may have done something like this at school but probably not with sugar because it is difficult to get the crystals to grow well. In the factory the workers usually have to throw in some sugar dust to initiate crystal formation. Once the crystals have grown the resulting mixture of crystals and mother liquor is spun in centrifuges to separate the two, rather like washing is spin dried. The crystals are then given a final dry with hot air before being stored ready for despatch.

    StorageThe final raw sugar forms a sticky brown mountain in the store and looks rather like the soft brown sugar found in domestic kitchens. It could be used like that but usually it gets dirty in storage and has a distinctive taste which most people don’t want. That is why it is refined when it gets to the country where it will be used. Additionally, because one cannot get all the sugar out of the juice, there is a sweet by-product made: molasses. This is usually turned into a cattle food or is sent to a distillery where alcohol is made.

    PowerSo what happened to all that fibre from crushing the sugar cane? It is called “bagasse” in the industry. The factory needs electricity and steam to run, both of which are generated using this fibre. The bagasse is burnt in large furnaces where a lot of heat is given out which can be used in turn to boil water and make high pressure steam. The steam is then used to drive a turbine in order to make electricity and create low pressure steam for the sugar making process. This is the same process that makes most of our electricity but there are several important differences.

    When a large power station produces electricity it burns a fossil fuel [once used, a fuel that cannot be replaced] which contaminates the atmosphere and the station has to dum

  • #104367

    Ding “Lagalag”

    Maogma Asin Magaya-gayang Bagong Taon Sa Gabos!!!

    Mag hirilingan kita sa masunod na taon!!!

  • #104243

    Bikolanong Layas

    Para makakua ka pang idea manungod sa malunggay i-search mo an “moringa oleifera” yaon gabos na info, kaya lang sa Pinas iba an clima asin pa-agi pagtanum. An aram ko asin pinag-gigibo iyo an magputol nin sanga na ga-braso and dakula, mga tolo o apat na pie an laba, pahurandigon sa gilid, halaton na magdahon, pagdakol nang dahon saka mo itanum. Pag tag-uran na itinanum bugtakan mo nin plastic an puro kan poon puede man na condom tanganing dai malapa an poon. Pag tag-init daing problema dugdugon sana. Dai tabi paranihon an mga babayeng dai pa menopause.
    An dakulang kaibahan kan urban kalonggay sa tinanum sa bulod iyo na contaminated ini nin mercury asin lead, asin an taga-bulod haralaba an bunga sa banwa haralipot sana.
    Sa parteng Ilokos, an kalunggay haloy na nindang pinagkwakwartahan, ini ta pigkakaon ninda an bunga, an Bikolano dahon sana.

  • #104238

    Ding “Lagalag”

    Mabalos giraray saimo Bikolanong Layas, kaipuhan siguro magka istorya kita pag nag puli ako diyan. Magayon an saimong mga binanggit na talagang dai ko pa aram. Ano igua tabing libro tungkol sa pagtanum nin kalunggay? Purbaran kong maghanap digdi ning reading materials. Para mientras, padagosa tabi an saimong pag suratmanunungod sa artikulong ini na sigurado kong pakikinabangan kan kadaklan.

  • #104232

    Bikolanong Layas

    An pinakamadaling paagi tanganing ma-identify an saimong lugar magmember ka sa Google map kun saen puede mong ibugtak an an exact location. Pag-naglilibot ako ngunyan sa Bikol pirme sanang ordinary o jeep tanganing nahihiling mo an kamugtakan kan Bikolano asin kun ano an issue na pinaghuhurunan.
    An kalunggay pinag-eexport sa Japan, pero digdi sa Pinas igwa naman nin market mala ta pighahalo ini sa First Vita Plus Drink. An pisog iyo ngunyan an number one na bulong kan mga may arthritis duman sa Bulacan kaya madaling maubos. Imagine kun dakol kang tanum.
    Paghuna kan iba madali sana an pagtanum nin kalunggay alagad ini masirion garung daraga, urog pagkinaputan kan daragang may regla, segurado akong tigbak iyan. Haloyon na akong katutukdo kan manungod sa kalunngay alagad dai ko maaraman kun ano an pighahabo ninda, pagkatapos kan mahiling ninda sa TV minataram tama palan si Bikolanong Layas, pero huri na, mayaman na an iba.
    How I wish maka-abot man ako sa lugar mo nganing makapag-picture kan landscape.

  • #104103

    Ding “Lagalag”

    Garo magayon an idea mongmag tanom nin kalunggayBikolanong Layas. An hapot ko tabi saenna lugar o nasyon an nanganga-ipo nindakulang supply kan kalunggay asin pisog kaini. Haloy na man nanggad akong pig kakaturugan na mag tanon bako kan kalunggay kundi natung ta digdi sa mga oriental store sa US iguang mga dried gabi leaves na hali sa Thailand o Vietnam gayud idto. Pero an kalunggay ika an enot na nagtao sakuya kan idiyang iyan.
    Igua pa akong mga blankadang daga sa Bicol, na an iba may mga tanom ng Pili. Puwede ko man gayud na second crop an kalunggay. Aram ko na mga sanga an pantanum kan pananum na ini. Pero tibaad may igua ng bagong paagi na arog halimbawa kun igua ng semilya kaini sa Bureau of Plant Industry.
    Nag-apod ako sa katiwala ko sa Bicol asin sinabi ko an idiyang ini. Garo dai siya makapaniwala ta an kalunggay dai pig babakal samuya. Pig hahagad lamang. Ano’t ano man maraming salamat saimo Noy na Bikolanong Layas. Pag aadalan ko an proyectong ini.
    Hapot ko palan tabi saimo Noy na Bikolanong Layas? Anong pig lulunadan mo pag naglilibot ka sa Bicol? Sigurado kaya ako na kun dai ka nag e-eroplano, mahihiling mo an lugar ko kun itutukdo ko saimo. Nas bulod ako pero tanawon hali sa higway pasiring sa Legaspi.
    Mabalos tabi asin sa masunod.

  • #104097

    Bikolanong Layas

    Nahiling ko tabi an post-harvest facilities nindo kan tubo sa pag-gibong kalamay digdi sa internet, naarman ko man an mga sakit na pinag-aagihan nindo unong sa presyo kan saidnong produkto asin totoo man nang-gayod na an nagyayaman idtong mga negosyante. Ano tabi ta dai nindo gibuhon na santan na sana na may pili ibugtak sa bote tanganing igwang inaapod na “added value” igwa man kamo nin niyog na magagamit. Nasa packaging na sana an kaipuhan. Masiram tabi na palaman sa tinapay an santan asin haloy an shelf life kaini. Igwa ka nang captive na customer sa GB. Isipon tabi nin marhay kun magibo kang suka o arak hale sa tubo na kadakol kang darakulang kalaban.
    Alagad, kun ako sana an paghahaputon dai na ako matanum nin tubo. Tutukalan ko iyan nin kalunggay. Sa sampolong hektaryang kalunggay puede ka nang mag-export bulan bulan. Dai pa haha’bason. Ideal an lugar nindo sa tinanum na ini ta kulang an pollution. An pisog kaini dai mahahAloy babakalon man bakong por kilo kundi per gram. Tarami tabi si Ding kan ideyang ini.

  • #94836

    pai caloy

    your numbered items 1 to 5 are excellent ideas and very feasible. ( i have seen here vinegar coming from sugarcane.. i think you will make more monies with this. spirits can be made out of sugarcane, but wont recommend it, maboboyong an mga tawo dyan gabos, hahahaha). everything gross, starts with small. marai an dalagan kan saimong planning. its not bad if you can gather the folks around, say, one lazy afternoon, horon-horon baga. invite representatives from Phil Coco Authority, DA and in-line institutions, na you think will be of added value sa small meetings nindo.

    nahiling ko su mga photos kan saimong lugar… very healthy, very fertile….

    igua baga tabi ki municipal representative an department of agriculture. active an gobierno na e improve an agriculture. of course we hear this and that, dont let it bother you… sa arog kaining mga panahon, there seems to be no right way to Mondays….your dedication and commitment will propel you to what you really want and i am sure, those in the area, share the same aspirations. you only need to do a collective effort, to do collective bargaining and press on. oh, i forgot, as you go through these, you have to spend (like pa mirindal kun nag call ka ki meeting), but you will get good results. garo bagang, you ahve to spend in order to earn triple.

    please find the agriculture thread… igua dyan kitang ka miembro (Robert) na yaon ngonian sa Cordillera… Am confident he can be of big help sa other issues…….the thread itself is very informative.

  • #94832


    Salamat giraray Pai Caloy. Tama po an sinabi nindo. Pag pinag-iisip ko, na kon ang an ginagamit na panggatong sa pab-luto kaining Calamay ay kahoy na “palomaria,” siguro mas makantidad pa kong ipabakal na lamang an “palomaria.” Pero siyempre, an iginagatong meiyo an “inusan” o “bagasse” asin mga bunot kan niyog na sa presente dai pa man binabakal sa mercado.
    Igua digdi ki lokal na asosasyon (dai ko na pagngaranan) pero garo sa papel sana. Dai nin miyembo asin dai nin tobohan, dai man nin gilingan. Inda ko lamang kong may ini-release na pondo? Asin kon igua napasa-in.
    An Calamay Pai Caloy, halos digdi lamang sa lugar mi naghahali. Igua man nagporbar na magtotobo arog sa Sorsogon asin iba pang lugar pero garo bakong marahay an resulta arog kan digdi samuya. Siguro an dahilan, klase kan daga asin klima.
    Haloy ko ng pig-isip na kahuronon an mga paragiling digdi (kadaklan saradit asin biyong nagtitiri-os na paratanom nin tobo) pero dai ko pa ginigibo. Dai pa aco sigurado kon tama an sakong gigibohon. Para mentras, diit-diit sana an pagpaluwas ko kan Calamay. Basta lamang makasostenir nguna sa pang aro-aldaw.
    An sakuyang panga-turugan iyo an minasunod:
    1. Magka-igua nin “price control.”
    2. May maherac samuya na tumabang para dai makontrol kan mga local na negosyante an presyo.
    3. Maka diritso samuya an mga taga ibang lugar na parabakal ki Calamay. (sa ngunian, dai nakaka-diretso ta contolado kan mgalocal na parabakal. “Hinihipa-an asin tinatakot”)
    4. Mapadagos an pig-iisip kong proyekto na mag-gibo nin “Suka” vinegar hali sa tobo.
    5. Magka-igua nin kooperatiba an mga paragiling.
    Mabalos giraray!! Mabuhay kita gabos!!! Mabuhay an GB!!

  • #94827

    pai caloy

    garo bakong resonable against planting, harvesting and post production costs ining presyo. wara kamo dyan ki lokal na asosasyon na mapaghororonan nindo ang ceiling price? ano daw su demand dyan sa albay marairahai? kun maluya, time to look for a better market. or pede mo man seguro ( segun lang tabi sa economics coupled with the governing commercial law ), e control an pag supply mo sa local market.

    pede mo man na e consign na ang kalamay sa mga food exporters. pede mo man seguro e refer ining concern mo sa mga sugar producers and other involved entities.

    i wish mag improve ang demand. pray man kita dagos na dae na ngona mag para bagyo para maka recover an mga paratanom.

    igua ka ki other alternatives for other farm produce? marai segurong mag bisita sa department of agriculture and inquire.

  • #94825


    Mabalos saimo Pai Caloy. An presyo ngunian kan Calamay digdi Php 18.00 an sarong sacob. (duang bagol na pinag-tacop = sarong sacob o sarong tacop.)

  • #94824

    pai caloy

    aram mo Noy, ayo na didi piga tindang kalamay sa duwang big Pinoy supermarkets didi sa centro san Riyadh. su one fourth, mga P120.00…. inda sana tabi dyan kin mang gawno, ta didi ayo na yadi customs tax.

    kin ayo dyan naka isi san prevailing price san kalamay, paki share man didi tabi.

  • #94823


    Kan anyo 2000, an presyo kan krudo Php 15.00 an sarong litro.An presyo kan Calamay o “Mamis” ay Php 12.00 pag minabarato asin Php 25.00 pag mina mahal an presyo.Si sakuyang obserbasyon, minabarato an Calamay o “Mamis”pag bulan na Hunyo (enrolan kan mga nag-aadal) asin (Marso-Abril,) gradwasyon can mga eskuwela. Minamahal pag Mayo (santacrusan) asin (Nobiyembre.) Makaherac isipon na sapanahon na minabarato an productong inikon mauran asin dipisilon an paghanap ki panggatong asin maipsa (haloy maloto an Calamay “Mamis” ta lumbod an tubo dahilan sa uran.)
    Ngunian na presente, Octobre 2008, tolong doble na an ilinangkaw kan presyo kan krudo pero an presyo kan Calamay “Mamis”dai nag lalangkaw. Php 16.00 – Php 18.00 arog kan 2008.
    Daing maginibo an mga para-totobo ta pagkaagi kan duang makosog na bagyo, mayong income an niyog asin iba pang mga pananom. Di man ki pag-asa an magtanom ki mais ngunian ta mahalon an abono. Tobo lamang ang iguang prodokto ngunian ta anom na bulan pagka-agi kan bagyo puwede ng mag-giling giraray.
    Inda lamang kon tama an sabi kan iba na garo minamanipolar kan mga negosyante an presyo kan Calamay “Mamis” mala ta sa ibang lugar arog kan Samar, Leyte, Masbate, Catanduanes, Naga, Daet asin iba pang kataid na lugar halangkawon daa an presyo kan prodoctong ini.
    Tibaad tabi igua saindong taga diyan sa mga nabanggit na lugar tawi man tabi kaming “feedback” kon gurano talaga an presyo kan Calamay “Mamis” diyan saindo ngunian na presente.
    Mabalos tabi asin mabuhay kita gabos!! Mabuhay an GB!!!!!

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