WHAT IS CRITICAL THINKING

This topic contains 14 replies, has 8 voices, and was last updated by  Jing-jing 10 years, 5 months ago.

Viewing 15 posts - 1 through 15 (of 15 total)
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  • #150575


    Jing-jing
    Participant

    up ko lang ta’ magayon pagbasahon….apuwera kan post kan sinundan ko…
    Thanks to GB!!!

  • #41768


    GANYMEDE
    Participant

    Critical thinking is the intellectually disciplined process of actively and
    skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or
    evaluating information gathered from, or generated by, observation,
    experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief
    and action. In its exemplary form, it is based on universal intellectual
    values that transcend subject matter divisions: clarity, accuracy,
    precision, consistency, relevance, sound evidence, good reasons, depth,
    breadth, and fairness. It entails the examination of those structures or
    elements of thought implicit in all reasoning: purpose, problem, or
    question-at-issue, assumptions, concepts, empirical grounding; reasoning
    leading to conclusions, implications and consequences, objections from
    alternative viewpoints, and frame of reference. Critical thinking – in being
    responsive to variable subject matter, issues, and purposes – is
    incorporated in a family of interwoven modes of thinking, among them:
    scientific thinking, mathematical thinking, historical thinking,
    anthropological thinking, economic thinking, moral thinking, and
    philosophical thinking.

    Critical thinking can be seen as having two components:

    1. a set of skills to process and generate information and beliefs, and
    2. the habit, based on intellectual commitment, of using those skills to
    guide behavior.

    It is thus to be contrasted with:

    1. the mere acquisition and retention of information alone, (because it
    involves a particular way in which information is sought and treated,)
    2. the mere possession of a set of skills, (because it involves the
    continual use of them,) and
    3. the mere use of those skills (“as an exercise”) without acceptance of
    their results.

    Critical thinking varies according to the motivation underlying it. When
    grounded in selfish motives, it is often manifested in the skillful
    manipulation of ideas in service to one’s own, or one’s groups’, vested
    interest. As such, it is typically intellectually flawed, however
    pragmatically successful it might be. When grounded in fairmindedness and
    intellectual integrity, it is typically of a higher order intellectually,
    though subject to the charge of “idealism” by those habituated to its
    selfish use.

    Critical thinking of any kind is never universal in any individual; everyone
    is subject to episodes of undisciplined or irrational thought. Its quality
    is therefore usually a matter of degree and dependent on, among other
    things, the quality and depth of experience in a given domain of thinking or
    with respect to a particular class of questions. No one is a critical
    thinker through-and-through, but only to such-and-such a degree, with
    such-and-such insights and blind spots, subject to such-and-such tendencies
    towards self-delusion. For this reason, the development of critical thinking
    skills and dispositions is a life-long endeavor.

  • #41733


    Allan
    Participant

    I forwarded this article to my Nephews/Nieces. Mai mga tao baga na naglalakad na turog, ini ay marai basahon

  • #34565


    ibarra
    Participant

    hello
    seems like everybody is grasping the essence of critical thinking..read on…

  • #34564

    @Pai Mikey
    Salamat sa tranlation mo Padi….Sinabi ko na nga ba you are one of the great ones. Thanks to your KISS example, now I clearly undertood what Critical Thinking is. 🙂
    @PaiSimon
    Yon lang naman ang hinihingi ko eh….pinariribong mo pa angpayu ko. Maurag ka rin naman ta na gamit mo ang Critical Thinking sa threadnin religion.:-) Pinaghalo mo ang separation of churches and state. Bwahahahaha………But, I stillanxiously awaityour answersand commentsforold agephilosophical questions.:-)

  • #34544


    FLORA
    Participant

    USUALLY, I’D JUST READ ON TO THE COMMENTS THAT EVERYONE’S POSTING KAYA LANG I NOTICE….GARO HARALABAON NA MARHAY ANG SAINDONG PIGRALAOG DIGDI(TO THE POINT WHERE IT SHARPENS MY BRAIN, HEHEHEHE!), BAKO MAN INI PAG-COMPLAIN, I’M ACTUALLYAPPRECIATIVE OF WHAT EVERYONE’S TEACHING ME ON THIS SEGMENT…
    ….CRITICAL THINKING FOR ME,IN SIMPLIFIED STATEMENT, AREACQUIRED QUALITIES…mga wisdom na turo ng lolo’t lola…..IN WHICH WE CONTINUE TO PRACTICE…
    thus THROUGH THIS PRACTICES,WE SUCCEED ON OUR ENDEAVORS.
    (Simon D: by the way, I’m Maria Clara, hehehe!)

  • #34525


    Mikey
    Participant

    Pading Wawoy, one good example of Critical Thinking is the work of those honorable justices in our Supreme Court or probably in those Victoria Courts we usually find in Pasig, Caloocan, Sta Mesa or Pasay City.
    As we knew, the role of Judges is to acquire information’s presented both by prosecution and defense lawyers and evaluating them to reach an absolutely conclusion or decision about the case presented to them. In other words, the mechanics of Critical Thinking is to acquire and evaluates! Am I right Pading Simon?
    Now the purpose of those who usually went to Victoria Courts is to KISS and MAKE UP… ah, I believe I don’t need to elaborate it because this is not a very confusing subject. Get it Padi? Bwa ha ha

  • #34512


    ibarra
    Participant

    Manoy Wawoy
    Eu tabi.tama baga su KISS.By the way,bako man po komplicado ang Critical Thinking as it appear.Basahaon mo lang po,kung interesado ka,makukua mo po.

  • #34506

    @Pai Mikey (baka sakaling mapadpad ka sa thread na ‘to)
    Tol…paki translate mo tabi sa akin ‘to. Dae ko talaga ma gets. Baka sakaling maipaliwanag mo sa akin ‘to na hindi masyadong complikado. 🙂
    The great ones make the complicated simple baga…..Great example is Einstein regarding the theory of relativity which is one of the greatest discoveries of the 20th century, and even the scientists agree the formula is complex. Einstein disagreed. He explained the basic theory to a non-scientist one day, he said: “Having you ever spent time with a pretty girl and the time just flew by? Have you ever spent time with someone you didn’t like and the time seemed to drag on forever? That’s relativity.”
    The great ones know true genius rests in the simplification of what appear to be complex processes.
    @Pai Simon
    In my business we have this saying to KISS…..Now KISS stands for Keep It Simple Sweetheart (or some might say Keep it Simple Stupid). Bwahahaha……….Unless you can post something that I could understand (Pano maluway talaga ako) I will not read anymore of this Critical Thinking stuffs.

  • #34488

    @Pai Simon
    Nice one….I can’t wait to read the rest…:-) By the way, I’m still confused about this Critical Thinking. I found it very confusing.Are there any examplesfor each point or even better anything in laymans terms ika nga? Nariribong ako tuwing babasahon ko.

  • #34448


    ibarra
    Participant

    Maoy wawoy
    thank you for spending your precioustime reading the said articles..
    sa mga hapot mo po..amo muna ina maikaag ko..installment ika nga..
    LIFE AFTER DEATH or Ressurection-nagatubod ako igde,in fact gabos kita maga agi sa ressurection.Although aram nyato na wara pa makaka patunay sa Physical o Literal ressurection,kumbaga scientifically speaking,Zero..wara,nada.Pag nagadan ang saro na tawo,after 6-7 hours totally gadan na asin wara nang pag asa ma ressucitate kumbaga nag agi na sa RIGOR MORTIS.pero symbolically or should i say,philosopically,nangyayarai ini..Ang pinaka matatatag na example of course is Jesus of nazareth..The most Influential philosopher/teacher/Statesman/Revolutionary of all time, based on the historical accounts listed in the Bible..Buhay na buhay sya lalong lalo na sa mga kristyano.Mas naging makusog ang impact o influence nya after death kesa kang nabubuhay pa sya.sa pagtubod ko,ang resurrection,kung pawno ka narurumduman after your death.Kung ano ang legacy na iwinalat mo sa mga masunod na henerasyon.Jose Rizal attained resurrection,dahil sa doktrina asin ehemplo na saeyang iwinalat na naging inspirasyon kang mga Filipinos.Ninoy Aquino attained eternal life,especially to freedom lovers, as well as Ernesto CheGuevarra ,sa mga tugang ta na maka kaliwa.Ressurection for me is the Stigma or kung anong nagingresultakang saimong ginibuhan during your lifetime,ang epekto,influencia asinlasting impression na tig aadaptkang mga nagsusnood na henerasyon.

  • #34424


    Anonymous

    hi sIMoN! Thanks for posting that valuable reading material.
    For me critical thinking, is the self school of thought,where you learned first think of whatever you will do or say, and how it will affect the receiver of your action or words. By then, through that school, you earnedWISDOM.

  • #34416

    @Pai Simon
    Thank you for postingCritical Thinking…Now, whenever I have some free time I will definitely learn this new way of thinking.:-) Medyo bitin pa ako sa nabasa ko about Critical Thinking…it’s not sinking in yet ika nga…Maluya pano akong magbasa..kaya kaipohan ko pang basahin nin dua o tulong beses. 🙂
    In the mean time….I am very curios to know how you stand onthis philosophical questions that Pai Eric had posted.
    Why are we here? What is the purpose of life? What Lies Beyond? Where is God? Does Heaven Exist? Is therelife after death? -Eric
    Paki sagot naman ta nganing makilala kita na lobos. At paano mo ina apply ang Critikal Thinking dito? Thanx in advance Padi.

  • #34407


    ibarra
    Participant

    A Working Definition of critical thinking by Michael Scriven and Richard Paul

    Critical thinking is the intellectually disciplined process of actively and
    skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or
    evaluating information gathered from, or generated by, observation,
    experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief
    and action. In its exemplary form, it is based on universal intellectual
    values that transcend subject matter divisions: clarity, accuracy,
    precision, consistency, relevance, sound evidence, good reasons, depth,
    breadth, and fairness. It entails the examination of those structures or
    elements of thought implicit in all reasoning: purpose, problem, or
    question-at-issue, assumptions, concepts, empirical grounding; reasoning
    leading to conclusions, implications and consequences, objections from
    alternative viewpoints, and frame of reference. Critical thinking – in being
    responsive to variable subject matter, issues, and purposes – is
    incorporated in a family of interwoven modes of thinking, among them:
    scientific thinking, mathematical thinking, historical thinking,
    anthropological thinking, economic thinking, moral thinking, and
    philosophical thinking.

    Critical thinking can be seen as having two components:

    1. a set of skills to process and generate information and beliefs, and
    2. the habit, based on intellectual commitment, of using those skills to
    guide behavior.

    It is thus to be contrasted with:

    1. the mere acquisition and retention of information alone, (because it
    involves a particular way in which information is sought and treated,)
    2. the mere possession of a set of skills, (because it involves the
    continual use of them,) and
    3. the mere use of those skills (“as an exercise”) without acceptance of
    their results.

    Critical thinking varies according to the motivation underlying it. When
    grounded in selfish motives, it is often manifested in the skillful
    manipulation of ideas in service to one’s own, or one’s groups’, vested
    interest. As such, it is typically intellectually flawed, however
    pragmatically successful it might be. When grounded in fairmindedness and
    intellectual integrity, it is typically of a higher order intellectually,
    though subject to the charge of “idealism” by those habituated to its
    selfish use.

    Critical thinking of any kind is never universal in any individual; everyone
    is subject to episodes of undisciplined or irrational thought. Its quality
    is therefore usually a matter of degree and dependent on, among other
    things, the quality and depth of experience in a given domain of thinking or
    with respect to a particular class of questions. No one is a critical
    thinker through-and-through, but only to such-and-such a degree, with
    such-and-such insights and blind spots, subject to such-and-such tendencies
    towards self-delusion. For this reason, the development of critical thinking
    skills and dispositions is a life-long endeavor.

  • #34406


    ibarra
    Participant

    Critical Thinking

    WHAT IS CRITICAL THINKING?
    Consider several definitions:

    Critical thinkers: distinguish between fact and opinion; ask questions; make detailed observations; uncover assumptions and define their terms; and make assertions based on sound logic and solid evidence.

    Ellis, D. Becoming a Master Student, 1997

    Critical thinking is best understood as the ability of thinkers to take charge of their own thinking. This requires that they develop sound criteria and standards for analyzing and assessing their own thinking and routinely use those criteria and standards to improve its quality.
    Elder , L. and Paul, R. “Critical thinking: why we must transform our teaching.” Journal of Developmental Education, Fall 1994.

    ATTRIBUTES OF A CRITICAL THINKER:

    asks pertinent questions
    assesses statements and arguments
    is able to admit a lack of understanding or information
    has a sense of curiosity
    is interested in finding new solutions
    is able to clearly define a set of criteria for analyzing ideas
    is willing to examine beliefs, assumptions, and opinions and weigh them against facts
    listens carefully to others and is able to give feedback
    sees that critical thinking is a lifelong process of self-assessment
    suspends judgment until all facts have been gathered and considered
    looks for evidence to support assumption and beliefs
    is able to adjust opinions when new facts are found
    looks for proof
    examines problems closely
    is able to reject information that is incorrect or irrelevant
    Ferrett, S. Peak Performance (1997).

    APPLYING CRITICAL THINKING TO READING
    CRITICAL READING STRATEGIES(from Longview Community College, Lee’s Summit, Missouri)
    These seven critical reading strategies can be learned readily and then applied not only to reading selections in a Literature class, but also to your other college reading. Mastering these strategies will help you handle difficult material with confidence.

    Annotating: Fundamental to each of these strategies is annotating directly on the page: underlining key words, phrases, or sentences; writing comments or questions in the margins; bracketing important sections of the text; constructing ideas with lines or arrows; numbering related points in sequence; and making note of anything that strikes you as interesting, important, or questionable.

    Most readers annotate in layers, adding further annotations on second and third readings.
    Annotations can be light or heavy, depending on the reader’s purpose and the difficulty of the material.
    Previewing: Learning about a text before really reading it. Previewing enables readers to get a sense of what the text is about and how it is organized before reading it closely. This simple strategy includes seeing what you can learn from the headnotes or other introductory material, skimming to get an overview of the content and organization, and identifying the rhetorical situation.
    Contextualizing: Placing a text in its historical, biographical, and cultural contexts. When you read a text, you read it through the lens of your own experience.

    Your understanding of the words on the page and their significance is informed by what you have come to know and value from living in a particular time and place. But the texts you read were all written in the past, sometimes in a radically different time and place.

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